History of the Ngorongoro

Ngorongoro is thought to have formed about 2.5 million years ago from a large active volcano whose cone collapsed inward after a major eruption, leaving the present vast, unbroken caldera as its chief remnant. The caldera's floor is predominantly open grassland. It is a large, unbroken, un-flooded caldera, formed when a giant volcano exploded and collapsed some three million years ago. The Ngorongoro crater sinks to a depth of 610 metres, with a base area covering 260 square kilometres.

The Ngorongoro Conservation Area (NCA) is a protected area and a World Heritage Site located 180 km (110 mi) west of Arusha in the Crater Highlands area of Tanzania. The area is named after Ngorongoro Crater, a large volcanic caldera within the area.

A part of the larger Ngorongoro Conservation Area, one of three natural UNESCO World Heritage Sites found in Tanzania, the Crater is the remnant of a mighty volcano that collapsed inward upon itself after a mighty eruption between 2 and 3 million years ago.

Interactive Map of Serengeti, Ngorongoro and Lake Manyara. The Ngorongoro Crater, once a gigantic volcano, is the largest intact caldera in the world. ... Today, long since having collapsed and eroded, it is an extensive highland area with the famous 600-meter-deep Ngorongoro Crater as its focal point.

Interesting facts about Ngorongoro Crater

  • The Ngorongoro Crater was formed when a large volcano erupted and collapsed on itself. This explosion created a caldera approximately two and a half million years ago. Our Proffessional Driver Guide will carefully drive and guide you into the Crater. As you get to its base (249 square km) you will experience the game drive.
  • When it was a volcano it’s thought to have been a similar size to Mount Kilimanjaro, one of the world’s highest mountains. Estimates of the volcano’s original height vary between 4,500 to 5,800 metres. The crater itself is about 610 metres deep and 260 kilometres squared.
  • Approximately 40,000 people live in the conservation area. They share the land with an incredible amount of wildlife. There are around 30,000 animals ranging from leopard, cheetah, elephant and hyena to warthog, buffalo and impala. It’s also one of the best places to see the endangered black rhino and black-maned male lions. As most people living in The Ngorongoro Conservation Area are the Maasai you might be interested to see how they are able to live and run their lives in the wilderness. Please be free to contact us and let us plan your cultural tour for you!
  • The Ngorongoro Crater is also referred to as ‘the Garden of Eden’ due to its dazzling beauty and being a paradise for animals. We have experienced and proffessional Driver-guides will ensure that you have an amazing experience and enjoy this African paradise. To book your trip to the Ngorongoro crater please click here.